Mortality Due To Air Pollution
per 100,000 population | lower is better | 2018 report
Comparing USA Vs. Europe’s top countries (Germany, France, Italy) Vs. Israel
- USA’s mortality due to air pollution is 1.04 times better than the world average
- USA’s mortality due to air pollution is 1.02 times better than Europe-top
- USA’s mortality due to air pollution is 1.16 times better than Israel
Assuming the population of USA 321 mil, Israel 8.4 mil, Euro-top 210 mil (Germany 82 mil, France 67 mil, Italy 61 mil):
Important Key Facts
- Air pollution affects all regions of the world. However, populations in low-income cities are the most impacted. According to the latest air quality database, 97% of cities in low- and middle- income countries with more than 100,000 inhabitants do not meet WHO air quality guidelines. However, in high-income countries, that percentage decreases to 49%.
- Air pollution kills an estimated 7 million people worldwide every year from exposure to fine particles in polluted air that lead to diseases such as stroke, heart disease, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and respiratory infections, including pneumonia.
- Data show that 9 out of 10 people breathe air containing high levels of pollutants.
- Air pollution is closely linked to climate change – the main driver of climate change is fossil fuel combustion which is also a major contributor to air pollution – and efforts to mitigate one can improve the other.
- As air quality declines, the risk of stroke, heart disease, lung cancer, and chronic and acute respiratory diseases, including asthma, increases for the people who live in them.
- Ambient (outdoor) air pollution in both cities and rural areas was estimated to cause 4.2 million premature deaths worldwide per year in 2016; this mortality is due to exposure to small particulate matter of 2.5 microns or less in diameter (PM), which cause cardiovascular and respiratory disease, and cancers.
- People living in low- and middle-income countries disproportionately experience the burden of outdoor air pollution with 91% (of the 4.2 million premature deaths) occurring in low- and middle-income countries, and the greatest burden in the WHO South-East Asia and Western Pacific regions. The latest burden estimates reflect the very significant role air pollution plays in cardiovascular illness and death. More and more, evidence demonstrating the linkages between ambient air pollution and cardiovascular disease risk is becoming available, including studies from highly polluted areas.
- In children and adults, both short- and long-term exposure to ambient air pollution can lead to reduced lung function, respiratory infections, and aggravated asthma.
- Maternal exposure to ambient air pollution is associated with adverse birth outcomes, such as low birth weight, preterm birth, and small gestational age births.
- Emerging evidence also suggests ambient air pollution may affect diabetes and neurological development in children.
- Considering the precise death and disability toll from many of the conditions mentioned are not currently quantified in current estimates, with growing evidence, the burden of disease from ambient air pollution is expected to greatly increase.
- In addition to outdoor air pollution, indoor smoke from household air pollution is a serious health risk for some 3 billion people who cook and heat their homes with biomass fuels and coal. Some 3.8 million premature deaths were attributable to household air pollution in 2016. Almost all of the burden was in low-middle-income countries. Household air pollution is also a major source of outdoor air pollution in both urban and rural areas.
Registered research DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2551844, 10.5281/zenodo.2567780